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Who is the Holy Spirit?
The Holy Spirit is the most mysterious member of the Trinity. The Trinity consists of God the Father, God the Son (Jesus) and God the Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19, Luke 3:21-22, 1 John 5:6-9). God describes Himself as a triune God and this is something we can never fully understand.
The Holy Spirit indwells every believer. The Bible states: "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38 NIV)."
The Holy Spirit is a "person" not a force or an "it." The Bible states: "do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption . . . (Ephesians 4:30 NIV)."
The Holy Spirit has many different functions. Here are some of them.
The Holy Spirit provides us with the power to live the Christian life in accordance with the will of God. This is related to the extent we are obedient in terms of our behavior and thought life (Romans 12:1-2, 14:17, 15:13). Without the Holy Spirit, living the Christian life would be impossible.
The Holy Spirit makes it possible for us to obey Scripture (Philippians 4:13).
The Holy Spirit is a teacher and reminds us of what is written in Scripture (John 14:26). He guides us into all truth (John 16:13). He makes salvation possible (1 Corinthians 12:3). He guarantees that believers will get to heaven (Ephesians 1:13-14). He enables believers to witness with power (Acts 1:8). He can make the Word of God real to those who hear it (Acts 10:44).
The Holy Spirit made possible the virgin birth of Jesus (Matthew 1:18-20). He made prophecy possible both in the Old and New Testaments (Luke 2:25-35, Mark 12:36).
The Holy Spirit gives supernatural gifts to each believer (1 Corinthians 12:1-11). You find out which one(s) you have by trying out different ministries.
The Holy Spirit is also the author of miracles and healings, both in the past (Acts 2:1-12, 10:38) and today (1 Corinthians 12:9-10; 12:28-30).